Caring for Land

Wetlands in Ontario

By: Darryl Mitchell, Biodiversity/Habitat Biologist, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry

Wetlands are lands that are saturated with water long enough to cause the soil to become waterlogged, and the growth of water-loving or water-tolerant plants to occur. Wetlands are transitional habitats, often forming the connection between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. They can occur where the water table is at or close to the surface, in low-lying locations, or along the edges of lakes and rivers. Many wetlands are permanently flooded, while others flood only periodically in the spring or fall. You can often walk through such areas in the summer without ever getting your feet wet! There are four different types of wetlands in Ontario: